My Holy Holi At Nandgaon And Barsana

Holi is a very popular festival, celebrated in north India largely. 
[Before I begin this post, I wish to thank my fellow-traveler, Natty Singh, for generously donating four images for this blog-post. His photography is as natty as he himself is. What I like about him is the fact that he could have easily managed an FB-page titled something like ‘Natty Photography’ with a decent fan following, but instead, he does it only through his personal albums on Facebook. It is refreshing to meet such under-stated people in the era of blatant advertisement.]

Just in case you are going to shoot the event, read this.

Please note: The Holi-celebration at Nandgaon and Barsana takes place approximately a week before the actual date for Holi.

There are two villages close to Vrindavan. One is called Nandgaon and the other one is known as Barsana. Nandgaon is Lord Krishna’s birthplace, and Barsana is Radha’s (his beloved).  Radha-Krishna’s love-story is one of the most famous ones in Hindu mythology. Even today, a man/woman from Nandgaon would not get married to a woman/man from Barsana.

The festival begins on ‘ashtmi’ with ‘laddoo-leela’ at Barsana. We missed this. Taking ‘laddoo-leela’ into account, the celebrations last for two and a half days.

According to the legend, menfolk from Nandgaon visit Barsana to celebrate ‘Holi’ with women from Barsana. When these people come visiting, they are welcomed by these women with sticks, and are beaten up, signalling that they are not welcome. The group from Nandgaon comes well prepared for it, with a padded shield to counter the attacks. These sticks are called ‘lathths’, hence this Holi-celebration is famously known as ‘Laththmaar’ holi.

Photo credit: Natty Singh

Holi in Barsana

Photo credit: Natty Singh


The next day, the women from Barsana (since women don’t go, men and trans-genders dressed as women represent women from the village) go to Nandgaon to celebrate Holi with the men from the village. They are welcomed with water and colour everywhere, but the main event takes place in the courtyard of Radharani temple at Nandgaon. This event marks the highlight of Holi celebration at Nandgaon. During the celebrations at the temple courtyard, people from both the villages sit across each other singing, dancing, and conversing and this meet-up is termed as ‘samaaj’.

holi in vrindavan

samaaj in Vrindavan holi

Camera gear:
If you are visiting the event for the purpose of photography, as per my own experience as a photographer, all you need is:
1) 18-55mm lens for street photography and
2) 55-200mm/55-300mm
3) 70-200mm (Not my preference though!)
for the main event at the Nandgaon temple (that too, if you get to sit on the rooftop).
Apart from these three lenses, what you really DO need is heavy-duty protection for your camera, from dry colour and water all around. You would need to cover your equipment with some kind of rain-cover. All through, there may be constant showers of water-jets, and clouds of ‘gulaal’ everywhere. In such an environment, keeping the camera safe can be a challenging task.
Some of the options available online are:
1) Rain-gear (inexpensive); I used this one.
2) Rain-gear (long-lasting); another friend used this.

Camera gear for Holi

At one point, this little devil almost bluffed me by changing his course of action from posing to spraying the water-jet, half-way through the click. I barely managed to save my lens from the attack! You may need a tremendous presence of mind to shoot the streets of Nandgaon and Barsana during Holi celebrations.

[If you are a photographer trying to protect your camera, please note, asking/requesting them not to throw colours and water is akin to inviting trouble. If they catch you requesting, rest assured that you and your camera will get the bath-tub experience right there!]

Shooting holi in Vrindavan

During these two days, in both the villages there is a huge crowd of photographers. If you manage to get a few exclusive images, count yourself lucky. Sometimes there are multiple photographers shooting the same subject. Check it out here:

photogrphers shooting holi

What is so special about this Holi?
Holi-celebrations at these two villages underline the core essence of ‘ras ka bhav’ – which means, it celebrates the element of spiritual rapture. The menfolk play Holi with women in a way that is extremely vocal about their nature of interest in them. It is not sexual in its approach but it has the rustic element of wooing and teasing, which might not go down well you with if are an upright babe from a metro-city. In both these villages, girls are believed to be Radha’s incarnate, and men represent Krishna. All the events are centered around the core-essence of the Radha-Krishna love story.
For example, if you are a girl, in Barsana you might get gulaal thrown at (at times, right in your face and into your eyes), and in Nandgaon the water-jets angled awkwardly at your body. This may annoy you to some extent. Before you lose your cool at the local people for being ‘uncouth’, please remember that you and I are outsiders who have very little say in the local culture.

Holi in Nandgaon and BarsanaPhoto credit: Natty Singh

In Barsana, the celebration takes place mostly with dry colour, called ‘gulaal’, while at Nandgaon, it is about both water and gulaal. I personally liked Nandgaon celebrations more than Barsana, but it could probably be because I love Holi, and celebrate it with great hooliganism. In this entire process, you and your bag will go from dripping wet to dry and back, several times in the day, so please be suitably suited.

hooliganism in the name of holi

Please note: If you are a lady, you will be thrown colour and water at, but touching is against the protocol. If someone touches you, it is within the realms of your right to refuse and protest.

The experience:
It is a beautiful experience with clouds of colour in the air. The complete visual experience takes a new meaning at Barsana and Nadgaon temples, where the colour is thrown at the devotees by the ‘pandits’ (known as the Goswamis) as ‘prashad’. The greetings of ‘Radhey-radhey’ melts away any mental-barricade that you might have in your head, up against the not-so-holy gang of both the villages.
Apart from being an experience of a festival, it is also an exposure to the core Indian value-system of ‘Atithi devo bhava’, coupled with the small-town simplicity. It is something that you will understand only when you are fully aware of the entire ecology of the physical space.
Also, despite the notoriety of the festival, the villages have amazing security arrangements with policemen deployed at every corner. The main temple is heavily guarded by the Black-cat commandos. It is safe to travel to Nandgaon and Barsana.

How was my experience?
Totally fabulous!
I travelled with Cerca Trova Travels and luckily, the entire bunch comprised of fabulous people.

We reached Barsana at around 11 o’clock on the 9th of March [confusion regarding the dates of the events resulted in very few photographers in Barsana this year]. The vehicular traffic got cordoned off at about 08:00am, but if you are lucky, the cops might permit you to take the alternate route to the village. If they do not, then you park the vehicle 4 km from the village and walk the distance.
Barsana, the village, has a temple dedicated to Radha, called the Radha-Rani temple. The men-folk from Nandgaon (representing lord ‘krishna’) visit Barsana at around 4:00 pm, and with that begins the celebrations of ‘lathth-maar’ holi in the streets of Barsana.
As the dusk closes in, the celebrations come to an end.

Holi at nandgaon

Holi in Vrindavan

The next day, we headed to Nandgaon. At Nandgaon, there were water jets from ‘pichkaari’(s) and splashes from buckets  all around. At moments like these, there is no point running to save yourself from it. One should just make sure that the electronics are safely covered, and enjoy the experience.

Camera gear for Holi


In this village, we hung around photographing the streets till about 2:00pm, after which we moved to the main temple. Getting to photograph the temple celebrations from the roof-top is purely a matter of luck. The temple management reserves the right to grant access to the roof-top, which primarily, is reserved for the participants of the event. These participants, stand along the edge of the rooftop and throw colour and water down into the courtyard. Soon, the courtyard transforms itself into a visual delight of beautiful colour-explosion! The experience is worth every effort you’ll make to attend this event.     

Temple courtyard Holi

Holi at Vrindavan

Holi at Barsana

cloud new

Behind the scene:
It is believed that the ‘gulaal’ used in both the villages is made from natural sources like flowers, turmeric etc. They are not. It is as synthetic as it can get, and you need to be careful if you are allergic to synthetic colors.  You need to be careful even if you are not allergic to colors, for, at times, a hand may appear out of thin air and shove a handful of ‘gulaal’ right into your eyes, rendering you totally blind for the moment. It happened to me multiple times in both these villages.
What they DO make from natural sources like flowers etc is this 

colours flowers
This participant came and sat right next to me at the roof-top, during Nandgaon-celebrations. He was armed with gunny-bag full of  flowers soaked in colours. In fact, I got to commission the ‘throw’ twice!

Flowers for colours


Please note:
1) Avoid wearing bathroom slippers. I wore, assuming it to be convenient. It posed no problem in Barsana, where the celebrations were all dry. In Nandgaon, trying not to slip and fall took 20% of my mind-space at all times. Not worth it. Wear shoes. The ones that do not slip on wet surfaces.

Photo Credit: Natty Singh

2) Cover your electronics. This is how they do it:

Precautions to take while shooting holi
This lady was shooting like all of us. Suddenly, one random guy caught hold of her and smeared her face with ‘gulaal’ , despite the fact that she and her camera, both were covered with polythene bag. She tried running away for a while, but finally gave in.

The next two images are especially dedicated to the people who think “All that a photographer does is, press the shutter release button”.  Yes. That is all that they do. But how and when is the aspect no one questions. Check out the photographers standing at the periphery of the celebrations:


what do photographers do

3) Be polite to the local people.

4) Both the villages do not have public toilets. Despite this, what is truly wonderful is the fact that you can knock at just about any door and request to use the loo. The village-folks are more than welcoming. In Barsana, at one point in time, I got a bit unwell and walked into a house and requested to lay on the cot for a while. They happily obliged! [how ‘a while’ got converted into almost a couple of hours is a story for another day :p ]

5) Carry your own food and water. The hygiene level of the eateries is extremely questionable. You will be spending 7-10 hours and you would need to keep yourself full and hydrated.

6) It makes sense to either take your own vehicle or hire a taxi from Vrindavan. Nandgaon and Barsana have poor public transport.

7) Work out your stay well in advance.

8) Stay away if you are asthmatic. The dry ‘gulaal’ in the air is extremely harmful. I am not asthmatic, but I got very unwell after my day at Barsana. At about 4:00 am, I was wheezing and gasping for breath. This is quite unlike me, but I think all the ‘gulaal’  that got into my system during the day acted up. Thankfully, I was sharing my room with a complete angel, who happened to be carrying Asthalin Respsules and a nebulizer. After two Repsules, I was totally free of the bronchospasm.

9) Keep your camera aside for a while and enjoy the experience the way it is meant to be enjoyed. With all your five senses. FB status message, selfies, and check-in can wait.

10) Carry sun-screen and headgear to protect your hair from colors and sun.

candid colours
Barsana is at a distance of 125 kms from Delhi.
Barsana and Vrindavan are at a distance of 60 kms from each other.
Nandgaon to Vrindavan is 52 kms.
Nandgaon and Barsana are at a distance of 8 kms from each other.
Nandgaon to Delhi is 115kms.
Vrindavan is at a distance of 150 kms from Delhi.

Add this to your bucket-list. You’ll thank me.

Just in case, you intend to take bhang/cannabis, please read this.


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  7. Vineet Gera March 4, 2015
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